Adaptation to potassium starvation of wild-type and K+-transport mutant (trk1,2) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae: 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis-based proteomic approach
Curto Rubio, Miguel
Jorrín-Novo, Jesús V.
EditorBlackwell Publishing Ltd
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Saccharomyces cerevisiaewild-type (BY4741) and the correspondingmutant lacking the plasma membrane main potassium uptake systems (trk1,trk2) were used to analyze the consequences of K+ starvation following a proteomic approach. In order to trigger high-affinity mode of potassium transport, cells were transferred to potassium-freemedium.Protein profilewas followed by two-dimensional (2-D) gels in samples taken at 0, 30, 60, 120, 180, and 300 min during starvation.We observed a general decrease of protein content during starvation that was especially drastic in the mutant strain as it was the case of an important number of proteins involved in glycolysis. On the contrary, we identified proteins related to stress response and alternative energetic metabolism that remained clearly present. Neural networkbased analysis indicated that wild type was able to adapt much faster than the mutant to the stress process. We conclude that complete potassium starvation is a stressful process for yeast cells, especially for potassium transport mutants, and we propose that less stressing conditions should be used in order to study potassium homeostasis in yeast.