Microsatellite analysis of a sample of Uruguayan Creole bulls (Bos taurus)
Martínez Martínez, Amparo
EditorBrazilian Society of Genetics
MateriaUruguayan Creole cattle
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The Uruguayan Creole cattle genetic reserve consists of a herd of about 600 animals (bulls, cows and calves) located in an indigenous habitat of 650 hectares. In a previous study, a random sample from this herd showed high heterozygosity and a Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for markers of major genes related to milk production. To study its genetic diversity we genotyped a sample of bulls (N = 19 out of 23 for the whole herd) using the PCR reaction with a set of 17 microsatellite markers. Between two and seven different alleles were identified per microsatellite in a total of 73 alleles. The expected mean heterozygosity (He) per locus was between 0.465 and 0.801, except for microsatellite HEL13 which gave a He value of 0.288. The expected mean heterozygosity was 0.623 and the polymorphic information content (PIC) was between 0.266 for HEL13 and 0.794 for CSSM66. The genetic diversity found in polymorphic markers in the breeding bulls of this Creole cattle population supports previous genetic analyses using major production genes and indicate that further studies should be carried out on this population to provide data of interest to cattle production.