The Effect of Tree-Uprooting on the Soil Spatial Complexity in an Old-Growth Temperate Forest, Central Europe
Román Sánchez, Andrea
SubjectSoil spatial variability
METS:Mostrar el registro METS
PREMIS:Mostrar el registro PREMIS
MetadataShow full item record
The formation of spatial pedocomplexity in forested landscapes is an issue that has not yet been comprehensively resolved. This study analysed the effects of tree disturbances on the spatial variability of soil chemical properties in order to explain the spatial pedocomplexity in one of the oldest forest reserves in Europe. A total of 1545 sites over an area of 74 ha were assessed in terms of soil taxonomy, morphology, and profiles. We quantified the spatial autocorrelation of soil chemical properties and analysed the effects of soil disturbance regimes on soil chemical properties in both the surface and subsurface layers using geostatistics and redundancy analysis, respectively. A paired difference test revealed that the factors involved in the soil formation of the two layers are different. The neoformation of the surface layer proceeds rapidly after soil disturbance and, therefore, some formerly disturbed surface layers become mature above immature subsurface layers. The effect of tree disturbances on soil chemical properties was significant for totally decomposed treethrows. Treethrow density partially explained the variation in soil chemical properties in both layers, but even more so in the subsurface layer. This study further elucidates the impact of treethrows on soils and shows that they are an important driver of soil spatial pedocomplexity.