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dc.contributor.authorCabezón, Oscar
dc.contributor.authorMolina-López, Rafael
dc.contributor.authorMarco, Ignasi
dc.contributor.authorBlanco, Juan M.
dc.contributor.authorHöfle, Ursula
dc.contributor.authorMargalida, Antoni
dc.contributor.authorBach-Raich, Esther
dc.contributor.authorDarwich, Laila
dc.contributor.authorEcheverría, Israel
dc.contributor.authorObón, Elena
dc.contributor.authorHernández, Mauro
dc.contributor.authorLavín, Santiago
dc.contributor.authorDubey, Jitender P.
dc.contributor.authorAlmería, Sonia
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Bocanegra, Ignacio
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-23T10:57:40Z
dc.date.available2013-12-23T10:57:40Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10396/11524
dc.description.abstractToxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic intracellular protozoan parasite of worldwide distribution that infects many species of warm-blooded animals, including birds. To date, there is scant information about the seropositivity of T. gondii and the risk factors associated with T. gondii infection in wild bird populations. In the present study, T. gondii infection was evaluated on sera obtained from 1079 wild birds belonging to 56 species (including Falconiformes (n = 610), Strigiformes (n = 260), Ciconiiformes (n = 156), Gruiformes (n = 21), and other orders (n = 32), from different areas of Spain. Antibodies to T. gondii (modified agglutination test, MAT titer $1:25) were found in 282 (26.1%, IC95%:23.5–28.7) of the 1079 birds. This study constitute the first extensive survey in wild birds species in Spain and reports for the first time T. gondii antibodies in the griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus), short-toed snake-eagle (Circaetus gallicus), Bonelli’s eagle (Aquila fasciata), golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), osprey (Pandion haliaetus), Montagu’s harrier (Circus pygargus), Western marsh-harrier (Circus aeruginosus), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), long-eared owl (Asio otus), common scops owl (Otus scops), Eurasian spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia), white stork (Ciconia ciconia), grey heron (Ardea cinerea), common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus); in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) ‘‘vulnerable’’ Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti), lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) and great bustard (Otis tarda); and in the IUCN ‘‘near threatened’’ red kite (Milvus milvus). The highest seropositivity by species was observed in the Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo) (68.1%, 98 of 144). The main risk factors associated with T. gondii seropositivity in wild birds were age and diet, with the highest exposure in older animals and in carnivorous wild birds. The results showed that T. gondii infection is widespread and can be at a high level in many wild birds in Spain, most likely related to their feeding behaviour.es_ES
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfes_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherPublic Libray of Science (PLOS)es_ES
dc.rightshttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/es_ES
dc.sourcePLoS ONE 6 (12) (2011)es_ES
dc.subjectToxoplasma gondiies_ES
dc.subjectZoonosises_ES
dc.subjectWild birdes_ES
dc.subjectSpaines_ES
dc.titleSeropositivity and Risk Factors Associated with Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Wild Birds from Spaines_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES


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