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dc.contributor.authorMartínez, Jacinto
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez Hidalgo, Antonio Jesús
dc.contributor.authorZych, Izabela
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-04T08:16:09Z
dc.date.available2020-09-04T08:16:09Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10396/20418
dc.description.abstractAlthough bullying and cyberbullying have been widely studied in diverse geographical areas, the number of studies in isolated regions, located in rainforests such as the Peruvian Amazonia, is low. Most research has been conducted in wealthy, Western countries, although disadvantaged areas are usually the most affected by various problems. Thus, the aims of this study were to validate bullying and cyberbullying measurement instruments among adolescents in the Peruvian Amazonia, to determine the prevalence rates of bullying and cyberbullying among this population, and to examine how bullying and cyberbullying relate to self-esteem, empathy, and social skills. The sample included 607 students from the region of Loreto (Peruvian Amazonia) who completed self-report questionnaires. Both questionnaires used in the sample were found to have good psychometric properties. Results showed that bullying and cyberbullying are prevalent among teenagers in the Amazonia. Low self-esteem and high affective empathy predicted bullying victimization. Being a bully was related to high assertiveness. Being a bully-victim was related to low self-esteem and low assertiveness. Cybervictims showed higher cognitive empathy. Cyberbullies showed higher affective empathy in comparison to uninvolved adolescents. Having low self-esteem and higher affective empathy were related to being a cyberbully/victim. This study provides a validated questionnaire that can be used for research and practice in the Amazonia. Based on the current results, tailored anti-bullying and anti-cyberbullying interventions with components focused on self-esteem, empathy, and social skills should be implemented in Peruvian secondary schools.es_ES
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfes_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherMDPIes_ES
dc.rightshttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/es_ES
dc.sourceInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(17), 6199 (2020)es_ES
dc.subjectBullyinges_ES
dc.subjectCyberbullyinges_ES
dc.subjectSelf-esteemes_ES
dc.subjectEmpathyes_ES
dc.subjectSocial skillses_ES
dc.titleBullying and Cyberbullying in Adolescents from Disadvantaged Areas: Validation of Questionnaires; Prevalence Rates; and Relationship to Self-Esteem, Empathy and Social Skillses_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176199es_ES
dc.relation.projectIDGobierno de España. PSI2016-74871-Res_ES
dc.rights.accessRightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES


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