Use of LDH- chromate adsorption co-product as an air purification photocatalyst
Miguel, Gustavo de
Sánchez Granados, Luis
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This work deals with the use of layered double hydroxides for a double environmental remediation. The residue obtained in the use of these materials as a chromate sorbent in water, was subsequently studied as a photocatalyst for the removal of NOx gases. With this aim, MgAl–CO3 layered double hydroxides were synthesized by the coprecipitation method with a divalent/trivalent metal ratio of 3. After its calcination at 500 °C, the mixed oxide was obtained and MgAl–CrO4 were synthesized by the reconstruction method. A complete chemical, morphological and photochemical study of the samples was carried out with techniques such as XRD, FT-IR, TGA, XRF, PL, DRIFTS and UV–Vis spectroscopy. Results showed that LDH materials presented no significant changes in their structure after their use as a sorbent. Photocatalytic tests of the samples showed a very good NO removal efficiency, as well as a high selectivity (low NO2 emissions) through complete oxidation of these oxides to nitrate. The incorporation of chromate into the LDH structure improved the absorption of light in the visible region of the spectra, producing an improvement of 20% in the NO elimination compared with the LDH without chromate.
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